EVEN AND ODD NUMBERS
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3. By the even and the odd
89-The Dawn, 3
As you see, the 3^{rd} verse of the 89^{th} sura in the Quran draws attention to the “even” and “odd” numbers. The word “wa” in Quran is used to emphasize the words that succeed it when it is used at the beginning of a sentence (we translated the word “wa” as “by”). Korosh Cemnishon and Abdullah Jalghoom were inspired by the verse we mentioned above and examined the suras and verses of the Quran according to even and odd numbers. This examination proves that both the sura numbers and the verse numbers were arranged in perfect order. We must not forget that this study is based on the phenomenon of “even” and “odd” to which the Quran draws attention.
When we want to show the sura numbers and the number of verses, we indicate them in figures, for example; the sura “The Prologue” 1:7 (the 1sup>st sura and 7 verses) and the sura “The Cow” 2:286 (the 2^{nd} sura and the 286 verses). In the table below, we add 1 and 7 (the sura number and the number of the verses of the sura “The Prologue”) and we get the number “8.” Since the number “8” is an even number, we write it on the place reserved for even numbers. And we add 3 and 200 (the sura number and the number of the verses of the sura “The Family of Imran”), then we get the number “203.” As this number is an odd number, we will write it in the place where odd numbers are.
We will do the same operations for all other suras and verses of the Quran, as you will see in the table below. We will do this according to the “Hafs” version, which is accepted generally throughout the world. You can check the results with a calculator by using any Quran in your home. (As a result, the presentations here prove the correctness of the “Hafs” version of the Quran that is most commonly used in the world.) The table is given below:
Sura number |
Total of verses |
Total | Even | Odd | ||
1 | 7 | 8 | 8 | – | ||
2 | 286 | 288 | 288 | – | ||
3 | 200 | 203 | – | 203 | ||
4 | 176 | 180 | 180 | – | ||
5 | 120 | 125 | – | 125 |
||
6 | 165 | 171 | – | 171 | ||
………………………………………………………………………………………………. | ||||||
57 | 29 | 86 | 86 | – | ||
………………………………………………………………………………………………. | ||||||
109 | 6 | 115 | – | 115 | ||
110 | 3 | 113 | – | 113 | ||
111 | 5 | 116 | 116 | – | ||
112 | 4 | 116 | 116 | – | ||
113 | 5 | 118 | 118 | – | ||
114 | 6 | 120 | 120 | – | ||
Total |
6555 |
6234 |
– |
6234 |
6555 |
The total of sura numbers in the Quran is 6555; the total of the odd numbers in the table is also 6555. These two numbers are equal, although independent from each other. Moreover, the total of the number of verses in the Quran is 6236 and the total of the even numbers in the table is 6236. They did not have to be equal but they are. The equality of these numbers is one of the countless proofs that all the sura numbers and the number of the verses of the Quran are arranged by Divine wisdom.
We can show the probability of having such a table containing 114 suras and 6.236 verses as below: If we can calculate how many different probabilities we can obtain with the same number of verses and same number of suras when they are randomly distributed then we can easily see the probability of having such a table. The elements of this set is 0-12791, 2-12.789, 4-12.787…6234-6557, 6236-6555, 6238-6553…12.784-7, 12.786-5,12.788-3. Since, only the “6236-6555” pair will suffice the symmetry in the table within the set which has more than 6300 elements, the probability is less than 1/6.300. We should not forget that we are examining only one characteristic regarding the “even” and “odds” here. If we can calculate the probability of occurrence of all the features we talked about then the probability will be much smaller. Since all the features mentioned here are either related to the criteria of being “even” and “odd” and to the existing order of the suras and of the verses, we think that all these features have to be multiplied. We can estimate that the probability result would be less than one in a billion.
The interesting characteristics regarding the “even” and “odd” codification in the suras and verses are not limited to those. We know that the number of the suras in the Quran is 114 (19×6). If we write 19 in the form of 10+9, we have 6x(10+9). From this equation we obtain 60, and this number represents the number of suras whose total verses are even numbers. From this equation we also obtain 54, which is the number of the suras whose total verses consist of odd numbers. We have such a symmetry here. The sura numbers of 30 of these 60 suras are odd numbers and the sura numbers of the other 30 of these 60 suras are even numbers. The sura numbers of 27 of the 54 suras are odd numbers and the sura numbers of 27 of these 54 suras are even numbers. And their frequency may be given as follows: 3 x (10+9). Thus, we get 30 and 27.
We know that the number of the suras in the Quran is 114 (19×6).If we write 19 in the form of 10+9, we have 6×(10+9). From this equation we obtain 60 and this number represents the number of suras whose total verses are even numbers. From this eqation we also obtain 54 which is the number of the suras whose total verses consist of odd numbers.The sura numbers of 30 of these 60 suras are odd numbers and the sura numbers of the other 30 of these 60 suras are even numbers.The sura numbers of 27 of the 54 suras are odd numbers and the sura numbers of 27 of these 54 suras are even numbers.And their frequency may be given as follows: 3×(10+9).Thus,we get 30 and 27.
114 = 6×19 = 6 x (10+9) = (6×10) + (6×9) = 60+54
57 = 3×19 = 3x (10+9) = (3×10) + (3×9) = 30+27
We have four groups. Let us give an example for each group:
1. Suras with odd numbers-the number of verses with odd numbers. Example: “The Prologue” (1^{st} sura, 7 verses)
2. Suras with odd numbers-the number of verses with even numbers. Example: “The Family of Imran” (3^{rd} sura, 200 verses)
3. Suras with even numbers-the number of verses with odd numbers. Example: “The Cattle” (6^{th} sura, 165 verses)
4. Suras with even numbers-the number of verses with even numbers. Example: “The Women” (4^{th} sura, 176 verses)
We can show the table that contains the four groups:
114 SURAS |
|||
THE SURAS WITH EVEN NUMBERED VERSES:60 |
THE SURAS WITH ODD NUMBERED VERSES:54 |
||
EVEN NUMBERED SURAS:30 |
ODD NUMBERED SURAS:30 |
EVEN NUMBERED SURAS:27 |
ODD NUMBERED SURAS:27 |
We can examine the suras in two groups:
1. Homogeneous Suras.
2. Heterogeneous Suras.
The homogeneous suras consist of the suras whose sura number and total verse number are both odd or are both even. The heterogeneous suras consist of the suras whose sura number is even when the total verse number is odd, or vice versa. There are 57 homogeneous and 57 heterogeneous suras. You can understand this better by following the table:
114 SURAS |
|||
HOMOGENOUS SURAS |
HETEROGENEOUS SURAS |
||
57 SURAS |
57 SURAS |
||
30 SURAS
even sura number |
27 SURAS odd sura number odd total verses |
27 SURAS even sura number odd total verses |
30 SURAS odd sura number even total verses |
As the total of the sura numbers and verse numbers are meaningful in relation to their being even and odd, so the number of even and odd suras and the number of even and odd verses are meaningful, as can be seen in the symmetrical tables. We should add that there is more, and this proves the divine design regarding even and odd.
We have seen that the total of the sura numbers in the Quran is 6555. This number is also equal to the total of the odd numbers on the table. The total of the numbers in succession is counted with the help of the following formula: nx(n+1)/2. Thus, we can count the total of the sura numbers in the Quran like this:
114 x (114+1)/2 = 6555
Jordanian researcher Jalghoom thought that there were 60 suras that had verses whose total number was an even number and 54 suras that had verses whose total number was an odd number. And then he divided this formula into two parts and wrote them as follows:
60 x (114+1)/2 = 3450
54 x (114+1)/2 = 3105
Total = 6555
Here, we come across an interesting conclusion: the total of the sura numbers of the suras with verses whose total number is an even number is 3450, and the total of the sura numbers of the suras with verses whose total number is an odd number is 3105. It is magnificent that all the given parameters occur in terms of “odd” and “even” characteristic that have been pointed out in the Quran.
Let us explain the example we have given above in terms of its conclusion: let us take the 3^{rd} and 17^{th} suras. The 3^{rd} sura consists of 200 verses; that means that the 3^{rd} sura is a sura with verses whose total number is an even number. The 17^{th} sura consists of 111 verses; that means that the 17^{th} sura is a sura with verses whose total number is an odd number. Let us suppose that the sura numbers of these suras were exchanged. In that case, if you added the sura numbers of the suras with verses whose total number is an even number, the result would be 3464. If you added the sura numbers of suras with verses whose total number is an odd number, it would make 3091. Thus, the data we have in that equation would change. This means that even if you changed the order of two suras, one with odd number verses and one with even number verses, in the Quran, this mathematical table would have to change.
If we divide the Quran into two parts, the first part ends at the 57^{th} sura, the sura “Iron” (Hadid). If we add the sura numbers of the first 57 suras, it makes 1653. If we multiply the sura number of the sura “Iron” with the number of verses in the sura “Iron” (29), we have: 57×29 = 653 (19×87). Thus, when we examine the Quran by dividing it into two parts, the sura “Iron” implies that we are going to have interesting mathematical data.
The total of the numbers of suras in the first half of the Quran (1+2+3+……+55+56+57) |
1653(19×87) |
Multiplication result of the last sura’s number (57) in the first half of the Quran by the number (29) of verses in that sura |
1653(19×87) |
There are 29 odd-numbered and 28 even-numbered suras in the first part of the Quran. There are 28 odd-numbered and 29 even-numbered suras in the second part of the Quran. This is because of a mathematical property, because all numbers following one another show this characteristic. However, it is interesting that while there are 28 “heterogeneous” and 29 “homogeneous” suras in the first part of the Quran, there are 29 “heterogeneous” and 28 “homogeneous” suras in the second part. This conclusion is not the result of a mathematical property. There is no logical reason why the symmetry that can be witnessed within the Quran as a whole should also be witnessed when we cut the Quran into two halves. This is one of the endless miracles of the Quran. (Please remember the table about homogeneous and heterogeneous suras.)
Please examine the table:
114 SURAS |
|||
First half of the Quran: 57 Suras |
Second half of the Quran: 57 Suras |
||
29 odd numbered suras |
28 even numbered suras |
29 even numbered suras |
28 odd numbered suras |
29 homegenous sura |
28 heterogenous suras |
29 heterogenous suras |
28homegenous sura |
Let us assume that someone tried to add (or delete) something to (or from) the Quran. The important point here is that in the four possible additions to the Quran, the three will destroy the table and only one will keep it as it is. The addition of either an “odd” or an “even” number to the suras in which the sura and verse addition gives an odd number will destroy the order because the total of these is equal to the total of the suras which is “6555,” a constant number, and this equality will be lost. If you add an “odd” verse to the suras in which the sura-verse addition is “even” then the total will be written in a different column and this third way will also destroy the system. But if we add or subtract “even” number verses such as 2 or 4 or 6 to the suras in which the sura-verse addition is “even”, the system will remain the same. Since any change in the verse will change the number “6236,” the column in which the total is written will change accordingly as well. So this system can not solve the dispute concerning the verses 128 and 129 in 9th sura “Tawba” which are the target of arguments due to some hadiths and which are claimed to be additions to the Quran by some supporters of the system 19. Because the deletion of these verses from the total of the verses reduces the verse number to 6234 and since the total of the sura-verse addition in this sura is “even,” their addition also reduces and it ends up with the number “6234.”
We believe, it can be concluded that the presentation on the “even” and “odd” numbers is enough to prove that the Quran is protected if not 100% then 99%. We can explain this with such a probability calculation: Let us think that some malevolent people attempt to add or delete verses to or from the Quran. The probability of this one time attempt’s not to impair the “even” and “odd” system is 1/4. This probability will decrease to 1/4 x1/4 =1/16 in two attempts. In 10 attempts the probability will be much smaller: 1/410, in other words it is 1/1.048.576. In 20 attempts, the probability will be 1/1.099.511.627.776. What reduces the probability so much is that even one mistake will destroy the entire system. As a result, even with tens of attempts of either adding or deleting verses to or from the Quran two at a time or four at a time were successful, this would not correspond to even 1% of the Quran, which has more than 6,000 verses. But even this 1% change in the Quran would not have skipped through the codification in the Quran that is based on an “even” and “odd” system. That is why, even without any other proofs, just with the table of “even” and “odd”, we could have claimed that the Quran was 99% protected.
Leaving aside the act of adding or deleting a sura, even one change in a verse of a sura will change this system, for adding or deleting even one verse will change the codification system of “even” or “odd.” For example if the sura “The Key” had 8 verses, the order we examined in the first table would have changed. In addition, if we exchanged the places of the second sura (“The Cow”) and the third sura (“The Amramites”) the whole mathematical order would change. In the case the sura order, if we change the place of an “even” or “odd” sura all the system collapses again. Claiming that such a perfect system is formed coincidently is the result of either not comprehending the mathematical calculations correctly or not being able to look objectively. God has drawn attention in the Quran that He had numbered the books and He also pointed out the “even” and “odd.” These systems God has shown us will make us understand the wisdom in the things to which God has drawn our attention.
The examination of the sura numbers and the number of verses in the Quran as “odd” and “even” is enough to prove that the order of suras and the number of verses in the Quran were arranged by heavenly means and the mathematical system protects this structure. This system in the Quran, independent from the MMLC and the code of 19, is a proof that the Quran is protected and is a miracle. This book presents endless examples showing that it is beyond human ability and was revealed by The Creator.
But doesn’t this only work if you delete two verses of the Qur’an?..
Is this a submitters site?